What can communities do with Confederate monuments? Here are 3 options

What can communities do with Confederate monuments? Here are 3 options

Monuments are not built; As such, they say more about the people who created them than the figures they represent.

Southern heritage groups were responsible for most of the monuments erected throughout the country during reconstruction, the post-Civil War era marked by an integration reaction that has driven discrimination policies and legalized Jim Crow has resulted in more than 4,000 black lynchings in the deep south.

During this period, groups such as the States Daughters of the Confederation and the sons of former Confederate fighters have built monuments that promoted the ideology of the “Cause Loss” – the belief that the rights of States, not slavery , Were the main cause of the Confederation, despite the overwhelming evidence to the contrary.

For historians, what is lacking in the monuments of the Confederation is the complete image of what they really represent. Instead of movement, some researchers suggest adding a specific historical context so that people can learn.

“What we want to do is to inject perspectives and historical facts from these monuments and to encourage people to think of them as elements of history or artifacts rather than objects of veneration,” said Sheffield Hale President and CEO of Atlanta History Center .

“These objects are inherently problematic, and therefore are potentially effective teaching tools,” Hale said. “They trigger conversations about which many people have forgotten or do not want to talk.”
This is the plan in Richmond, Virginia, the short capital of the Confederate States of America.

The mayor appointed a committee last week to look for ways to add context to Monument Avenue, an avenue lined with statues of Confederate generals, as well as a tennis legend Arthur Ashe and, of Richmond.

Critics say that contextualization has its challenges. If a statue of Lee dominates a racetrack, what impact would a small plate have on flying motorists?

Seeking a right approach is another challenge. It took almost two years of the University of Mississippi to accept the language for a new plaque for a statue of a Confederate soldier in 1906.

In addition to explaining the ideology of “Lost Cause” that the monument manufacturers subscribed to, the new plaque describes how the statue was a meeting place for a demonstration of opposition school integration in 1962.

“This historic statue remembers division beyond the university,” says the plaque in part. “Today, the University of Mississippi has had this ongoing commitment to open its sacred enclosures to all who seek truth, knowledge and wisdom.”
For some, the problem with contextualization is to keep monuments in places where they can be searched by all.

“Leaving them as they are is often a giant finger for the communities they serve,” said Anne Sarah Rubin, a professor of history at the University of Maryland in Baltimore County.

“Monuments were not representative of the communities in which they settled in. They set out to send messages and create false stories about the war and that should be celebrated,” said Rubin, author of “Through the Heart of Dixie: Walk Sherman and American Memory “.

The transfer to a museum allows people to choose to interact with them in a historical context. Many museums already have elements of dark chapters in history, including racist memoirs of the Jim Crow era, said Keisha N. Blain, an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh.

“Contrary to public spaces such as parks – museums are controlled spaces where experienced staff can provide a historical context for visitors, and people can choose to see the monuments or not,” said Blain, co editor of “The Charleston Syllabus : Readings on race, racism and racial violence. ”

But even if museums wish, it is difficult to make up to six tons of bronze or marble.

Gulf crisis set to escalate

Gulf crisis set to escalate

The strategy of Saudi Arabia and the UAE can paint the two countries in a corner with Qatar’s support for Sheikh Tamim complicating the suggestions made by a prominent Saudi journalist with close ties to the government and a Saudi-based lobbyist in Washington who The brutal coup ‘2013 Egyptian state that led to President-General-President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, to power, could be repeated in Qatar in one form or another.

The tactics of Saudi Arabia and the UAE, as well as some of the claims including the suppression of support activists and Islamists, the closure of a Turkish military base in the Gulf state, which reduces relations with Iran and closure Of the media in Qatar, which includes the controversial Jazeera television network, could be a double-edged sword.

In a move that probably contributed to public opinion against them Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE, citing baseless claims that the Gulf state supported the Houthi rebels, expelled from their enemies Saudi military coalition fighting insurgents In Yemen a day after six Qatari soldiers were wounded in defending the southern flank of the kingdom.

The two Gulf states have implicitly included Houthi rebels in Yemen calling on Qatar relations to break with activists and Islamists. While there is no doubt that Qatar was sometimes too much to nurture these relations, it is also clear that some of them have benefited from tacit Western and Saudi support.

For Huzis, Qatar has probably maintained clandestine contacts as they unite in the struggle against them Arabia, given Qatar’s repeated efforts for more than a decade to mediate between the rebels, the Yemeni government backed by the Saudis and the kingdom. Qatar has since 2004 negotiated several ceasefire in intermittent wars between the government and the Huzis to see them upset with the support of Saudi Arabia.

Former US diplomats on State Department cables during their service in Yemen and more recently in interviews suggested that Saudi Arabia’s obsession with Hizis is prior to the rebels’ close relationship with Iran since the invasion in 2015. Every case, the Arabian obsession Iranian hands.

In addition, a more detailed analysis of the requests from Saudi Arabia and the UAE creates the impression that, doubtless, in the case of the kingdom, the pot sometimes reproaches the kettle. Abd al-Wahhab Muhammad Abd al-Rahman al-Humayqani the only Yemen on the list of Arab-United Arabs suspected of terrorism associated with the requests of the two Gulf states, is a terrorist designated by the US Treasury. Bound for al Qaeda would have at least part-time in the Saudi capital.

The designation of the Treasury in 2013 did not prevent the Saudis to include Mr. Al-Humayqani in the government delegation with the support of the Arabs to peace talks stranded in 2015 or to serve as an advisor to Yemeni President Abd Mansur Hadi Rabbuh that is the Kingdom.

All this makes the hope of a negotiated solution to the Gulf crisis, but an illusion. Maintaining the status quo is not an option for Saudi Arabia and the UAE. The escalation of the crisis is a risk not only for the Gulf States, but also for the international community. However, eliminating the protagonists of the faceless loss front is a non-motor starter provided both sides of the absolute victory of the objective dividing at all costs.

Dr. James M. Dorsey is a senior student at the School of International Studies, co-director of the Fan Institute of Culture of the University of Würzburg and the author of the turbulent Middle Eastern world football blog S. Rajaratnam, A book with the same title, comparative political transitions between Southeast Asia and the Middle East and North Africa, co-authored with Dr. Cruz-Teresita del Rosario’s next three books, Shifting Sands, Essays on Sport and Politics in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the creation of Frankenstein: the export of Saudi ultra-conservatism and China and Middle East: Venturing into the Maelstrom.

Larsen C Ice Shelf Break Could Occur Within “Hours, Days, or Weeks”

Larsen C Ice Shelf Break Could Occur Within “Hours, Days, or Weeks”

Researchers who monitor the division of the Larsen C ice shelf reported that the division of the platform was “imminent” and would create a huge iceberg.

At present, the iceberg is attached to the platform, but moves faster than previously recorded speeds. From the moment of writing, the potential iceberg moves at a speed of about 32 feet per day.

The team does not know when the crack occurs but warns that this could happen in a matter of hours.

There are still a few miles of ice tie iceberg to the largest closet, but it is not known how long it will last as the movement of the ice is accelerating.

One of the largest icebergs ever produced

The iceberg remains attached to the western part of the platform. When it breaks, “fundamentally change the landscape of the Antarctic Peninsula.”

The Midas team warned that this division could cause a chain reaction that eventually C zero Larsen would fragment into smaller icebergs.

An event, as it occurred when the iceberg separates from the ice shelf near Larsen B. Finally, the entire platform broke.

The Effects of Larsen C Splitting

Although it should be noted that the iceberg that would form this event would be massive – roughly the size of Delaware – that would not have much impact on sea level.

If this event caused the break of the rest of the ice shelf, we have seen an increase in sea level.

“If you remove an ice shelf, you glaciers all before you start putting more ice in the ocean and that’s where you get your possible contributions to sea level rise,” said a member of the Midas team who oversees the shelf ice.

In general, the glaciers that feed the Larsen C ice shelf contain about 10 centimeters of global sea-level equivalent, but scientists do not believe everything would be at sea.

Currently, the team is still not known what causes the division. Water temperatures in Antarctica are increasing, but it is unclear if this is the reason for the separation.

Icebergs shelves separated that way quite regularly and it can be difficult to determine what the normal pace is. The main reason for stands is due to their size.

‘Crash Bandicoot N. Sane Trilogy’ On PS4 Is Missing Only One Thing

‘Crash Bandicoot N. Sane Trilogy’ On PS4 Is Missing Only One Thing

To this end, on Friday afternoon, I was transported to the months of 1996. You may ask, “What happened then?” For starters, Nickelodeon was always very good and SNICK was a must-have weekend ritual.

Dunk-a-Roos was a staple in my lunch box for school, as the shark bites Gushers and Capri Sun. I had three events a day, but the third was still too short, and the birthday parties were either to explore the area or to a place that had a laser tag (Q-Zar was big in my city).

But even more behind. After praising Sony’s first console game of our Super Duper video, I had my first PlayStation for Christmas in 1995 with battle arena Toshinden, Mortal Kombat 3, and with the generous parents’ holiday money a copy of Primal Rage $ 80 Best Buy (which, on the other hand, has been accompanied by a $ 4 coupon for admission to Six Flags Theme Parks, which matters).

What can I say, I loved my fighting games, and I was in the 32 bit paradigm, one by one.

Over the next year, the PlayStation has become increasingly important, but with Super Mario 64 on the horizon, I remember that I worry that my console of choice does not experience the 3D gaming revolution.

Fortunately, Naughty Dog came to live with her narcissant orange marsupial, twisting Wumpa fruit crates and crushed.

While Crash Bandicoot was not the homeless revolution Ultra command of Nintendo 64, it showed what was possible on the Sony machine while offering lots of fun jungle jump.

And here we are, 20 years later, with Vicarious Visions and Activision in the last E3 promises to revive not only the classic PlayStation classics, but also two excellent sequels, bark counterattack and warped.

I received my evaluation copy in today’s mail, and after playing for a few hours, I can not even begin to express the joy of childhood that I have experienced.

The only introduction to music was enough to send nostalgic attacks, and it can be said of other small details that the developers have returned the original, including the old school sound effects and even the familiar screen quadrant break .

It is almost impossible to bear, but the return-to-thon made me long for a major omission: CTR. Or for lack of training for 1999 Crash Team Racing.

And I do not mean this low ratio Crash Nitro Kart. I want the real deal, the latest official Crash Bandicoot game in which Naughty Dog worked.

Due to this day, I still consider him my favorite karting racer of all time. The levels were imaginative, colorful and filled with interesting pieces, lines and shortcuts. The drift was excellent.

The only adventure mode in the style of Diddy Kong Racing was an explosion. And the multiplayer was second to none.

Believe me when I say that I have probably spent hundreds of hours scrolling through family and friends in this glorious split screen mode to 4 players, an option that had no activity also work well as on the PlayStation during aging.

Be Vicarious Visions and Activision never mentioned CTR group allusions with their brothers and sisters, to make the trilogy of an all-inclusive quartet.

But I can not help but think that this might have been a missed opportunity. Although honestly, I would not say if the idea reached the planning stage of N. Sane Trilogy and maybe the budget or programming took the lead.

Is it naive to expect that if this version goes well, a complete remasterisateur Crash Team Racing, with split screen and multiplayer online mode, you can make your way to the shops? I also call for an original reorganization of the Spyro the Dragon trilogy at some point.

Although my dreams do not surpass, I always obscene fun with this brilliant remake.

If you are a bandicut fan, do yourself a favor and take a copy. And once you do, leave a comment or send a message so that we can discuss drop as it was in 1996.

Loan book will continue to grow between 15-18%: HDFC

Loan book will continue to grow between 15-18%: HDFC

The interest rate competition has resulted in top three lenders cutting their home loan rates. After ICICI Bank’s rate revision earlier yesterday — HDFC also cut its interest rates by the evening.La concurrence sur les taux d’intérêt a permis aux trois principaux prêteurs de réduire leur taux de prêt hypothécaire. Après la révision des tarifs de ICICI Bank plus tôt hier – HDFC a également réduit ses taux d’intérêt en soirée.La competencia de tasas de interés ha dado lugar a los tres principales prestamistas reducir sus tasas de préstamos hipotecarios. Después de la revisión de la tasa del Banco ICICI ayer, el HDFC también redujo sus tasas de interés por la noche.La competencia sobre los tipos de interés es un permiso para tres principales prestamistas de reducir su tasa de interés hipotecario. Después de la revisión de los precios de ICICI Bank plus tôt – HDFC también ha reducido su tasa de interés en soirée.The interest rate competition has resulted in top three lenders cutting their home loan rates. After ICICI Bank’s rate revision earlier yesterday — HDFC also cut its interest rates by the evening.La concurrence sur les taux d’intérêt a permis aux trois principaux prêteurs de réduire leur taux de prêt hypothécaire. Après la révision des tarifs de ICICI Bank plus tôt hier – HDFC a également réduit ses taux d’intérêt en soirée.La competencia de tasas de interés ha dado lugar a los tres principales prestamistas reducir sus tasas de préstamos hipotecarios. Después de la revisión de la tasa del Banco ICICI ayer, el HDFC también redujo sus tasas de interés por la noche.La competencia sobre los tipos de interés es un permiso para tres principales prestamistas de reducir su tasa de interés hipotecario. Después de la revisión de los precios de ICICI Bank plus tôt – HDFC también ha reducido su tasa de interés en soirée.

En una entrevista con CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC y PDG de HDFC en la reducción del tipo de interés hipotecario.

En una entrevista con CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC & CEO de HDFC habló sobre la reducción de las tasas de préstamos para vivienda.

Dans une interview avec CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC et PDG de HDFC ont parlé de la réduction des taux de prêt hypothécaire.

In an interview with CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC & CEO of HDFC spoke about the slash in home loan rates.

En una entrevista con CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC y PDG de HDFC en la reducción del tipo de interés hipotecario.

En una entrevista con CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC & CEO de HDFC habló sobre la reducción de las tasas de préstamos para vivienda.

Dans une interview avec CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC et PDG de HDFC ont parlé de la réduction des taux de prêt hypothécaire.

In an interview with CNBC-TV18, Keki Mistry, VC & CEO of HDFC spoke about the slash in home loan rates.

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During its early years, several illustrious peo¬ple, including many freedom fighters, visited and stayed at the Pinakini Satyagraha Ashram.

About 11km from the humming city of Nellore lies Pallepadu village, which is home to the Pinakini Satyagraha Ashram. Blissful silence and a calming breeze welcome you as you navigate a dirt road to reach the ashram.

Mahatma Gandhi inaugurated the ashram, known as the Sabarmati of the south, in 1921. Gandhi was planning to spread his message of non-violence to the south when he met two social workers, Digumarthi Hanumantha Rao and Chaturvedula Venkata Krishnaiah, who were interested in his mission. The Indian National Congress contributed ?10,000 and 22 acres were bought on the banks of the Pennar river to build the ashram. Rao and Krishnaiah were the co-founders. During its early years, several illustrious people, including many freedom fighters, visited and stayed at the ash­ram. Many programmes for khadi production, eradication of untouchability, education and equality were started.

Soon, as the ashram gained popularity, the need for additional accommodation arose.

That is when Ghorkhodu Rustomjee Jiwanji stepped in. Better known as Parsee Rustom­jee, the businessman from South Africa, who was also Gandhi’s friend, contributed a 5,000 sq ft building to the ashram that was named Rustomjee Bhavan.

As it became popular, the ashram attracted unwanted attention. In 1923, a gang of bandits attacked the ashram when most inmates were away on work and took away precious orna­ments. The women offered stiff resistance under the leadership of Rao’s wife, Buchhi

Krishnamma. Though they were severely injured, they did not inform the police. However, the police got the news and caught the bandits. Krishnamma was called as wit­ness to the court to identify the ornaments. She had a look at the ornaments, but said she could not confirm that they belonged to the ashram. Hearing this, the bandits had a change of heart and confessed to their crime.

The ashram had established itself as a cul­tural force in the region, but, after the death of Rao in 1925, internal squabbles surfaced and many inmates left to join other ashrams. During the salt satyagraha in 1930, police attacked the ashram and destroyed flags and furniture. This signalled the end of the ashram’s golden period.

In 1952, Krishnamma tried to revive the ashram and established training centres for the villagers. But soon the activities stopped and the ashram was leased out to the Andhra Pradesh Grama Swarajya Samiti.

During the 1980s, philosopher Sivaram started an experimental school for the poor at the defunct ashram and was joined by Brit­ish educationist Eleanor Watts. They ran the Srujana Education Trust from 1983 to 1989.

In 2005, the ashram was handed over to the Nellore branch of the Indian Red Cross Society. The society collected funds and re­built the dilapidated building. “It was rebuilt to give it the original look,” says Dr A.V. Sub- rahmanyam, the secretary of the society. An eco-friendly guest house was built with the help of volunteers from the Wardha Ashram. On November 7, a peace rally from Nellore city to the ashram, called Vande Gandhiyam, was organised and about 1,300 people par­ticipated. Among them were singer Ghazal Srinivas, MP Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy and District Collector N. Srikant. •

 

President Pranab Mukherjee, who was minister in the Indira years, reveals the man behind the Emergency in his new book, The Dramatic Decade (Rupa Publications). And says Indira Gandhi did not know that there were Constitutional provisions to impose internal emergency.

Exclusive extracts

Lessons from Father

I was a restless child, forever up to mischief an5 with a penchant for avoiding studies as much as I could. I would rather play away my day with the neighbourhood boys than go to school. This is not to say that I did not get thrashed for this indiscipline, both by my mother and the school­master, but at that time I thought it well worth to endure the thrashing to pursue my deep interest in having a good time!

It could be said that between 1940 and 19451 did not go to school, prefer­ring instead a life of playing games, climbing trees or running along with the grazing herds of cows. In 1946, however, I was enrolled at the Kirnahar Shib Chandra High English School in Class V. A well-known school in the area, it was about two- and-a-half kilometres away from home, which meant travelling five kilometres every day on foot—and that too barefoot, as was common­place in those days. Much of the jour­ney entailed walking over a raised path with ditches on either side. During the rains, when the entire area was several feet deep in water, I would take off my shirt and shorts and wade through the water wearing a gamchha (towel), changing back into my presentable, school-worthy attire once I reached higher ground. In 1973, when I was a minister, I got that road paved.

It was in high school that I first began taking some interest in studies, routinely ranking first or second in class. Around twenty-two or twenty- three of us from my school took the matriculation examination—the final school exam—at the end of Class X. We were the first batch from my school to take this particular school­leaving exam. In 1952, after the school final exam, I enrolled at Vidyasagar

College in Suri and stayed in the hos­tel all through my college years from 1952 to 1956. Our college enjoyed a great reputation, known to be gener­ally ahead of a number of other col­leges under C alcutta University at the time. After graduating from college in 1956,1 went on to Calcutta and did my postgraduation—both in modern history and political science—from the university. Having enrolled as a ‘private’ student, my education took me longer than it does most regular students (private students had to put in an extra year). In 1960, after I had got my first postgraduate degree, I enrolled in law college and, three years later, obtained a law degree, too.

My father, Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee, was a staunch national­ist and a dedicated Congress worker. After the Lahore session in 1929, when the Congress pledged to observe 26 January as Independence Day, we would raise the Congress flag at home every year on this day. If my father was home, he would unfurl the flag and read the Independence pledge; if he was away, my mother took his place, though she sometimes allowed my older brother the privilege (and if he, too, was away, I was given the responsibility). Having joined the Congress in 1920, my father remained an active member till 1966.

Father had a great talent for orga­nizing people. Our home stood thirty miles south of the Ajay River, and twenty-five miles north of the Mayurakshi River. The large area between these two rivers was assigned to my father by the party. He was out all day, travelling on foot or by bullock cart, explaining to peo­ple the various facets of the national agitation for Independence. He trav­elled from village to village, sharing meals with the locals and preaching the Congress ideology. Rabindranath Tagore once jokingly remarked to my father that he (Father) was compensating for the behaviour of our forefa­thers who disdained the poor, calling them low caste and keeping them at a distance.

Father participated in virtually all agitations launched by the Congress before Independence and courted arrest innumerable times. I recall an amusing incident from those times, one that my mother recounted for many years after. A police party turned up one day to confiscate all our possessions. We had been warned in advance, so we had shifted all our cat-
tie and grain to the houses of various people in the village. Father’s papers also had been similarly removed and given to neighbours for safekeep­ing. Not finding much to-confiscate, a sub-inspector in the police party asked me, ‘You used to have cows at home, I’ve seen them. Where have they gone now?’ Straight-faced, I replied, ‘Cows? We ate them.’ The sub-inspector was astounded. ‘What are you saying? You are Hindus and you ate your cows?’ I, all of eight years old then, said, ‘Actually, Father has been in jail for a longtime. So we sold the cows for some money to feed ourselves.’

Even when a large number of Congress workers and leaders in West Bengal were swept away by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose’s fer­vour and became his followers, my father was among the handful of people who remained steadfast in their loyalty to Mahatma Gandhi. He, along with a few others, was charged with the responsibility of running the Birbhum District Congress. While he held party posts at the district level and was also a member of the West Bengal legislative council, he had

First strike: It was Pranab Mukherjee who gave Bangla Congress founder Ajoy Mukherjee the idea to form a united front against the Congress in the 1960s

Unite and win

My active political career started in the mid-1960s, when I joined Ajoy Mukherjee’s Bangla Congress….

The Bangla Congress was formally launched on 1 May 1966. While in the process of setting up this party, Ajoy babu had called a meeting of Congress workers at Shyam Square, Calcutta (5-6 February). I attended that meet­ing, though I was not a Congress regu­lar then. I told Ajoy babu: ‘Look, I’ve studied politics. If there is any writing- related work you would like me to do


Not finding much to confiscate, a sub­inspector in the police party asked me, ‘You used to have cows at home, I’ve seen them. Where have they gone now?’ Straight-faced,

I replied, ‘Cows? We ate them.1

little enthusiasm for working in the government and preferred to work at the grass-roots level or at the level of the party organization.

Father taught us the value of self- respect, maintaining that it was enormously important. Many years later, in 1978, when the Congress split under Indira Gandhi, he told me: ‘I hope you will not do anything that will make me ashamed of you. It is when you stand by a person in his or her hour of crisis that you reveal your own humanity. Don’t do any­thing which will dishonour your fore­fathers’ memory.’His meaning was clear, and I didn’t, then or later, waver from my loyalty to Indira Gandhi. ★★★

for the party, I will.’ Ajoy babu replied: ‘Okay, come to the office.’

It was on 8 June 1966, when on a tour of the state with Ajoy babu, that I first mooted the idea of a ‘United Front’ to him: ‘Ajoy da, if we want to defeat the Congress, we have to unite all parties… If we fight the elections on a common platform, we could defeat the Congress.’ Ajoy babu then began efforts in that direction.

The first United Front government, led by Ajoy Mukherjee and Jyoti Basu, was formed in West Bengal in 1967.

(ART Specialist) IAL REPORT

 

On December 26,2004, what Anthony Mary Arockiasamy and 12 ofher friends were left with was just their faith. The tides washed away their small shops on the beach, leaving them no better than beggars. “We were clueless. We could not find even the remains of the shops,” said Arul Susai Mary.

Things got worse as days passed, and the women started losing hope of rebuilding their shops. “We pleaded to the relief workers from World Vision India for supplies, as we did not have even a single rupee to rebuild our shops or purchase the required supplies,” said Aruldas Vijayakumari. Initially, the aid workers were hesitant to help them as they had to concentrate on the relief work. A week later, however, the women got supplies from them.

Ten years on, things have changed dramatically. The group of desperate women is now a confident bunch of entrepreneurs. They have their own shops and sufficient savings. Under a self-help group called Mariannai Small Merchants Association, they have spread their businesses. “I could not even sign my name; now I have a bank account of my own. We are treat­ed with respect when we walk into the bank and get loans easily,” said Rani Anthonysamy. The biggest gain, how­ever, is the lesson learned. “We have learnt to live life,” said Anthony Mary. “We have bank savings and we know the techniques of raising capital.”

NEW BEGINNING
Geetha was inconsolable and she did not speak for weeks. Baskar thought maternity would bring her back to life, but she had already done surgical contraception. It was then they came to know about a reversal procedure. “I decided to go for the surgery as I was still young then,” said Geetha.Baskar and wife, Geetha, live a few yardsfromtheseainAkkaraipettai, a village of around 2,000 people in Nagapattinam. On December 26, 2004, Geetha and their daughters were asleep, when Baskar ran from the beach seeing the killer tides. The waves sounded like “a train” and they hit with brutal force. They chased him down, but he grabbed onto a tree and swam home, where he found his wife injured and his daughters missing. He carried his wife and sister-in-law on his shoulders to a relative’s place. Though he searched the whole day, he could not find the bodies of his daugh­
ters. One of them was five years old, the other two.

The surgery was not a pleasant experience as she had continuous bleeding. The life in the relief camp
did not help, either. But she was deter­mined to survive it.

Today, Geetha and Baskar have two sons. Wounds have healed but scars remain. Baskar goes fishing only twice a week as he prefers to spend time with family. He still has not forgiven himself for not saving his daughters.

HANDS OF HOPE
The last birthday Karibeeran Paramesvaran, 50, celebrated was 10 years ago. On December 26, 2004,

he invited a few friends and relatives to his house in Nagapattinam for a party. As usual, he took the guests and his two daughters and son for a walk on the beach. They were having a good time when his son screamed, “Daddy, look at the sea.” Karibeeran had not seen anything like that in his life. The waves were as tall as a three-storey building. They started running but the tide chased them down. He could hear his son calling him but did not see him. He held on to a tree and swam half-a- kilometre to his house.

His wife, Choodamani, who had stayed back to cook, and his mother were on the first floor of the house, as the ground floor was flooded. “Where are the children?” she asked

Karibeeran, though she had realised the moment he came back alone what had happened.

“This is where we had placed eight dead bodies in a line,” said Karibeeran, pointing at the floor of his drawing room. The couple were well off—he is an engineer at ONGC and she an administration officer at LIC —but they did not have even a single piece of cloth to cover the dead bodies as water had washed off everything.

Now the house is home to 37 children who had their lost parents in the tsuna­mi. The couple has two biological sons as well—Shemaiah, 8 and Michaiah, 6. “God wanted us to live and expected something big from us,” he said. They had thought of committing suicide

The house of Karibeeran Paramesvaran and Choodamani is

home to 37 children who lost their parents in the tsunami

when they lost everything. But three days after the tsunami, Karibeeran brought home four children he found on the beach. “My mother wasn’t comfortable. But Choodamani started talking after three days when she saw the children,” he said. Three of those children—Sakthivel, Balakumar and Sangeetha—are graduates now, and Priya, who was only a year old then, is in school.

SEA OF TUMULT
Life had never been easy for Valli Pakkirisami, 58. She lived in a thatch-roof hut near the beach in Velankanni with her daughter and physically challenged granddaughter. On December 26,2004, Valli was look­ing for her daughter who had gone to the beach to sell fish when she saw people running away from the sea. She went back to the house, lifted her granddaughter and ran with others. They were rescued by a few men in a